The main threats to this species are ongoing habitat loss, its limited range and exploitation. Females are much less ornately decorated than males, and the bare skin on their head is a much less brilliant lilac-blue. Male birds of paradise the pretty ones.  The male usually exhibits the attractive breast shield and accompanies the mating dance with song and calls. 25 Wilson's Bird of Paradise Facts: What You Need To Know. The bird was provoked and immediately cleared the leaves away from his "dance floor". These birds primarily inhabit hill forest, usually being at elevations of about 300 meters, although calling has also been occasionally recorded in lowland rainforest and higher montane forests as high as 1,200 meters.  Males will continually work to keep this area free of debris, making sure that nothing on the ground will distract from their displays. Family Paradisaeidae (Birds of Paradise). Foreign names . The distinctive appearance of Wilson’s bird-of-paradise is demonstrated in its full splendor during the bird's courtship display.  Males will perch on a vertical branch in the middle of their court, flexing their brilliant green fluorescent collar and calling out to females to attract them to their site. Waigeo's rugged relief and lack of infrastructure suggest that there may be no serious immediate threats to its forests. Discovered in 1848 and named after Queen Victoria, this bird is endemic to the Atherton Tableland region of Queensland, Australia. They do not have the spiral tail feathers that males have. Their diet consists of fruits, insects, arthropods and other small invertebrates. 1.) Habitat destruction at the hands of the logging industry as well as forest fires has caused a decline in this species. The habit of zoologists at that time to dedicate newly discovered species to some king, queen or aristocrat deeply irritated him. Princeton University Press. The male of the species performs an unusual dancing ritual when courting a female. Its preferred habitat is the hill forest at 300 m of altitude, more rarely the lowland rainforest and the middle mountain forest. Wilson's Bird-of-paradise (Diphyllodes respublica) is a species of bird in the Paradisaeidae family. Males perform their display within an ‘arena’, a small clearing in the middle of dense forest but well lit. In doing this, he beat John Cassin by several months, who had wanted to name this species in honor of Wilson. The female is a brownish bird with bare blue crown. Summary; Text account; Data table and detailed info; Distribution map; Reference and further resources ; Select View Summary; Text account; Data table and detailed info; Distribution map; Reference and further resources; Current view: summary Family: Paradisaeidae (Birds of paradise) Authority: (Bonaparte, 1850) Red List Category. Wilson’s bird-of-paradise is an omnivore and eats mainly fruit, along with some small insects. Not only is it known for its bright colors and elaborate tail feathers, but its complex mating behavior will make you smile and shake your head at the same time. Due to ongoing habitat loss, limited range and exploitation, the Wilson's bird-of-paradise is evaluated as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Description. 1. Wilson's bird-of-paradise (Cicinnurus respublica) is a species of passerine bird of the family Paradisaeidae..  This remarkable example of hue and iridescence possesses all of the primary colors (and more) in different ways. The male is a red and black bird of paradise with a yellow mantle on its neck, light green mouth, rich blue feet and … Blues and greens are created by the interaction of light and the microscopic structure of feathers and skin. In del Hoyo, J. Elliott, A. Pratt & D.A.Zimmerman 1986. Illustration of male and female by Daniel Giraud Elliot, 1873, Diphyllodes respublica Bonaparte, 1850. Subspecific information monotypic species. An Indonesian endemic, the Wilson's bird-of-paradise is distributed to the hill and lowland rainforests of Waigeo and Batanta Islands off West Papua. Unlock thousands of full-length species accounts and hundreds of bird family … Sexual dimorphism, or the difference in physical appearance between the sexes, is the result of female selection, in which females select males based upon indirect genetic benefits which increase offspring fitness. Diphyllodes. Yellows and reds are paintlike pigments. Summary; Text account; Data table and detailed info; Distribution map; Reference and further resources; Select View Summary; Text account; Data table and detailed info; Distribution map ; Reference and further resources; Current view: Text account Justification. 1875.07.25 Odoardo Beccari, Female specimen, Batanta, 1865, Naturalis. It is listed on Appendix II of CITES. Wilson’s bird-of-paradise is an endemic species of the West Papuan islands Batanta and Waigeo off northern West Papua's coast (formerly Irian Jaya), Indonesia. The controversial scientific name respublica of this species was given by Charles Lucien Bonaparte, Napoleon's nephew and a republican idealist.  Yellow on the nape of its neck, followed by the crimson on its back are consistent, pigmented colors, present year-round. A Photographic Guide to the Birds of Indonesia. Currently this species is classified as Near Threatened (NT) and its numbers today are decreasing.  Females who are interested will perch above the male on the branch and watch as he weaves back and forth, calling to her and flexing the fluorescent collar. First the Stats… Scientific name: Cicinnurus respublica Weight: Up to 2.36 ounces Length: Up to 6.3 inches plus their tail Wingspan: Up to 6 inches Lifespan: Up to 30 years. They also have a curious triangular blue … & Frith, D. W. (2009). Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. Due to ongoing habitat loss, limited range and exploitation, the Wilson's bird-of-paradise is evaluated as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. This bird-of-paradise shares its habitat with Wilson’s bird-of-paradise, which you’ll see further down in this list. — 416 с. Birds-of-paradise transcend other birds, having such beautiful plumage and spectacular displays of courtship, and Wilson’s bird-of-paradise is no exception to this. The Wilson’s Bird-of-paradise, Cicinnurus respublica, is a small, up to 21 cm long, passerine bird of the … Now on to the Facts! Males are easily distinguished by their brilliant turquoise skin at the back of their head, criss-crossed with lines of fine black velvety feathers that have a sheen of coppery-bronze iridescence. Thirteen years later, in 1863, the German zoologist Heinrich Agathon Bernstein discovered the home grounds of the Wilson's bird-of-paradise in Waigeo Island. Birds of New Guinea. Males feature iridescent purple plumage, which is more blue-green on the head and bronze on the lower breast. Paradisier républicain, Ave-del-paraíso republicana, Ave-do-paraíso-de-wilson, Nacktkopf-Paradiesvogel, lantfarkú paradicsommadár, Wilsons Paradijsvogel, Uccello del paradiso di Wilson, Wilsons paradisfågel, Regnbueparadisfugl, rajka … Wilson’s bird-of-paradise does occur in the Pulau Waigeo Nature Reserve, but there are concerns that this population may have greatly reduced in size due to natural causes (including fire) and logging. & Christie, D. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Its preferred habitat is the hill forest at 300 m of altitude, more rarely the lowland rainforest and the middle mountain forest.. 14. pp. It is listed on Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). —, This page was last edited on 8 November 2020, at 18:29. Facts About Birds. Males can reach a length of 16 centimetres (6.3 in) (21 cm including central rectrices) and a weight of 53–67 g., while females can reach a length of 16 cm,but a weight of 52–60 g. The male is a red and black bird-of-paradise, with a yellow mantle on its neck, light green mouth, rich blue feet and two curved violet tail feathers. For centuries people have used bird-of-paradise feathers as symbols of wealth, power or sexuality. As with many birds-of-paradise, Wilson’s bird-of-paradise males alone carry this suite of striking colours, while the females are more plainly dressed in a light brown plumage with a darker blue crown. This bird-of … At the arrival of a potential mate, the male first adopts the characteristic ‘frozen’ posture while perching on the branch of a sapling, then he responds to the female by performing his intricate courtship ritual, showing off his attractive breast shield, accompanying his display with calls and song. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), Wilson's Bird-of-paradise (Cicinnurus respublica), Secret bird of paradise dating dance revealed, "Birds-of-Paradise Project: Wilson's Bird-of-Paradise", "Wilson's Bird of Paradise - Australian Museum", "Secret bird of paradise dating dance revealed", BBC Video Segment - Wilson's Bird of Paradise, Audio recordings of Wilson's bird-of-paradise, Rothschild's lobe-billed bird-of-paradise, wilsons-bird-paradise-cicinnurus-respublica, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wilson%27s_bird-of-paradise&oldid=987701015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
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