Ecotourism: the potentials and pitfalls. 'An overview of apes in Africa' Gorilla Taxonomy. Boo, E. (1990). 2005). Caalders, J & van de Duim, R. (2002). The possible transmission of diseases from humans to animals is a serious threat resulting from the close contact between species that many wildlife tourism experiences involve. Introduction – Ministry of Tourism and Wildlife The State Department of Tourism is mandated with provision of strategic policy direction and leadership in tourism development and management in the country as provided for in the Executive Order No.2 of 2013. For many participants a wildlife holiday will be remembered for many years to come as a holiday with a difference. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on the UKDiss.com website then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. As well as managing the needs of the wildlife by minimising wildlife tourism's impact on them, tourism managers, of course, need to consider the needs of the tourists. Marine tourism: developments, impacts and management. Tourism: economic, physical and social impacts. The single population of 300 mountain gorillas in the Virunga Volcanoes is particularly badly affected. The promotion is valid for either 10% or 15% off any service. Education of operators and tourists about appropriate behaviour to adopt in the presence of wildlife is another method of managing the negative impacts of wildlife tourism on the animals involved. Wildlife tourism is inherently seasonal. 11th May 2017 2005). It may generate high economic returns or low economic returns, be sustainable or unsustainable, domestic or international, and based on day visits or longer stays (Roe et al., 1997). Wildlife is the highlight of many a holiday – from the plains of East Africa to the jungles of South America. They can be divided into categories such as habitat destruction, disturbance of feeding and disease transmission. (2001). The best example of this is migration. It is essentially an amalgamation of various subsectors such as transport, accommodation, food and beverages, recreation and entertainment. Responsible wildlife holidays use expert guides, who ensure you don’t just see an animal – you learn about it, understand its behaviour and the issues involved in its conservation. Licensing of tour companies is a method of minimising the impact of wildlife tourism. This includes an epidemic in 1988 in which six habituated gorillas died of respiratory illness and twenty-seven more became ill. Methods of managing these and other negative effects on wildlife caused by wildlife tourism include restricting the number of tours allowed, education and finally licensing, and thereby controlling, the activities of tour groups. (1983). The State Department of Tourism is mandated with provision of strategic policy direction and leadership in tourism development and management in the country as provided for in the Executive Order No.2 of 2013. In the Norfolk Broads, UK, large volumes of boat traffic, especially motor boats, result in considerable boat wash and river bank erosion and undermine on-going efforts to improve the Broads severely impaired water quality and threatened aquatic wildlife (Brouwer et al, 2001). Looking for a flexible role? 'Biodiversity and tourism: impacts and interventions', Annals of Tourism Research, 29, (3), p743-761. There needs to be an awareness of either other geographical locations that can be utilised to view the same wildlife or other species that can be more easily located. Wildlife tourism is a holiday with a difference. Sometimes these two aims are mutually exclusive. 236 CHAPTER 13 WILDLIFE, NATIONAL PARKS AND TOURISM INTRODUCTION 13.1 In today’s global environment, the management and sustainable utilisation of natural resources is a major challenge facing Governments and their national economies. wildlife tourism is bringing fundamental changes to the surrounding lands, increasing the proportion of employment in the service and retail sectors while significantly reducing the exploitation of natural resources for consumptive uses. Tourism products and services generally cut across service providers and geographical locations. 2005), Ingham, R and Summers, D. (2000). In this regard, the Ministry plays the oversight role of coordinating and overseeing policy direction and planning; product diversification and experience; tourism marketing and promotion; synergy building and improving the alignment between supply and demand; enhancing competitiveness and investment potentials and monitoring and evaluation of tourism programmes and activities in the country.
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