Read more about laws that protect sites in Texas. To a trained archaeologist, an archaeological site is much more than the artifacts that come out of the ground. In Texas, laws prohibit excavation on state land without a permit. There are plenty of good reasons to collect archaeological artifacts. todos sus mensajes! They also know that, with new analytical techniques being developed at a rapid pace, future researchers may be able to learn much more about the same site–but only if there’s still something left to excavate. This October for Texas Archeology Month, TARL is offering a series of online lectures, free and open to all. Howard is a leader in conservation treatment, maintenance, and assessment. In this military artifact conservation example, you’ll see how minor (reversible) adjustments were made to the coehorn mortar, but it was not made to appear brand new. There are many scenarios where preservation is the more appropriate means for treatment. “The protection of the artifacts is so important because we want them to be around a hundred years from now to tell this very important part of American history,” stated Joe Daniels, former President and CEO of the museum, in an interview. Museums, as wonderful as they are, sometimes unintentionally contribute to this paradigm. The key priority is to register the site and preserve it in place – a phase known as "banking the site" – so you can make the plans and raise the money necessary to properly excavate the artifacts within. The public fascination with sensationalized archaeological ideas comes out of both a long history of sensational archaeology and the way archaeology is taught to the general public. Treatment measures are completed to return that object to how it would have originally been created. Read more about laws that protect sites in Texas. There was an uptake for several years of law enforcement reports taken and investigation initiated by the officer into cultural resource crimes. Continuar el fantástico trabajo! Federal land has several statutes that apply to cultural resources including the disturbance of human remains. When you protect and preserve an archaeological site, you're shielding it from forces or actions of others that could destroy the artifacts and historical information contained within the site. Thank you, Brad! Beyond that, we want sites to be left alone. Center for Archaeological and Tropical Studies, Upcoming Investigations at Firecracker Pueblo and Related Sites in the Jornada Mogollon, by Kevin Hanselka, Top Ten Creepy Archaeological Discoveries This Year. The Archaeological Resources Protection Act (ARPA) of 1979 protects artifacts and archaeological sites. For these reasons, modern archaeologists typically try to do as little excavation as is possible to answer their research questions, and they collect as much data as possible from these minimally intrusive excavations. This idea seems straightforward, so why is there a persistent trend for folks to focus on the beauty of a few objects and ignore the site and context? TARL also has lots of volunteer opportunities available and we’d love to have your help. It is important to preserve artifacts from historical events so we can remember, learn about and honor those who were involved. When artifacts or objects are salvaged from unforgettable moments in history, the condition of those items is what helps to tell the story. One important reason to preserve and document archaeological sites is that, in some cases, it’s the law. When people only have access to archaeology through museums, it is no wonder they focus on the artifacts rather than the sites themselves. Read the Society for American Archaeology’s Principles of Archaeological Ethics. Once an artifact is removed from its archaeological context, its value to archaeological researchers is greatly reduced. One notable modern example of this are the artifacts within the National September 11 Memorial and Museum. In this essay, we take a brief look at the ethics behind preserving archaeological sites, the difference between scientific excavation and looting, and how to talk to non-archaeologists about cultural heritage management. Archaeologists need to be prepared to preserve any type of artifact they uncover. To an archaeologist, it can be disheartening to watch someone’s eyes glaze over when you start to talk about phytoliths or microwear, only to see them perk up at the mention of ancient aliens. Federal land has several statutes that apply to cultural resources including the disturbance of human remains. We know that without our intervention, some sites are very vulnerable and can be destroyed either through construction, natural disasters such as floods, or natural processes like erosion. Often we are less interested in the potsherds or arrowheads and more interested in the chemistry of the soil, the sequence of construction, or the relationship of one object to another within the excavation. Thanks for the information on why we should protect archaeological sites, it was very informational. We can talk about modern archaeology and resource management by sharing our passion for the “boring” aspects of archaeology–excitement, even about mundane things, can be contagious. The end result is an object that still has the story intact, but is in a condition that is appropriate for display that will be educational. Estoy en el trabajo navegación su blog desde mi nuevo apple iphone! It was only though networking peace officers and archaeologist this uptake was made possible. In Arizona that threat was considered real and there was an approach made to involve local law enforcement as shareholds in protecting rural sites. This may include treatment to reduce deterioration and protect its present condition, even if there may be small amounts of damage to the object. While we all love looking at a beautiful artifact, there is much less information to be gained from an item out of context than one recovered with accurate provenience data. Ever since Schliemann had his wife model the jewels of Troy, the public has had the perception of archaeology as not too far distant from treasure hunting. But when it comes to serious artifacts and potential archaeological sites, the real fun stems from calling in the professionals to see what they … Collectors have found many very important archaeological sites, helping professional archaeologists to preserve these sites for future generations. We'd be happy to be involved with your next conservation project. We have extensive experience with sculptures, military artifacts, art collections, and historic vehicles. Collectors have also alerted professional researchers to sites being damaged or destroyed by erosion, logging, or even development. We invite you all to join us as we celebrate archaeology in Texas and beyond. One important reason to preserve and document archaeological sites is that, in some cases, it’s the law. Preservation involves looking forward and taking measures to keep the object as it is in its current state. Doing a scientific excavation is costly, time-consuming, and destructive to the site. Required fields are marked *. Sometimes the word restoration and preservation are used interchangeably, which is incorrect. As much as we want to roll our eyes at archaeological conspiracy theories or shoeboxes full of arrowheads, being dismissive even of misguided archaeological interests is counterproductive. As archaeologists, many of us tend to assume that others understand the intrinsic value of archaeological sites, and that in general, people want to protect archaeological resources.