Unlike many white animals associated with the north, such as polar bears and snowy owls, which are white all year, these creatures shift their colors with the seasons. Summers are cold, cloudy and relatively humid, with northeastern winds and frequent rains. For much of Russia's history this was Russia's main centre of international maritime trade, conducted by the Pomors ("seaside settlers") from Kholmogory. , The White Sea contains a large number of islands, but most of them are small. It is also known as the white whale, as it is the only cetacean of this colour; the sea canary, due to its high-pitched calls; and the melonhead, though that more commonly refers to the melon-headed whale, which is an oceanic dolphin. The White Sea–Baltic Canal links it through Lake Onega to the Baltic Sea and the major city and port of Saint Petersburg. The major ports on the White Sea are Arkhangelsk, Belomorsk, Onega, Mezen, Kem, Kandalaksha and Umba. From shop DemiurgusDreams. Not as uplifting, but equally beguiling, was discovering soft corals that were bent and laying on the ocean floor. The port was reinforced with a fortress which sustained a siege by the Polish-Lithuanian army in 1613. In the 15 years heâs been visiting the White Sea, Lyagushkin says the ice-diving season has become shorter and the ice thinner. The freezing period varies from year to year as shown in the satellite image to the right. Fascinated as one danced in front of his camera, he likens the experience to seeing a real angel. Ice age deposits often emerge near the sea shores. One of the earliest settlements near the sea shores grew up in the late 14th century at Kholmogory, on the Northern Dvina. 5 out … Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. The White Sea (Russian: Белое море, Béloye móre; Karelian and Finnish: Vienanmeri, lit. There is a developing seaweed industry. Also, the Onega Bay has many small underwater elevations. See the Amazing, Ethereal Creatures Living Under Arctic Ice. Six free printable black & white and colored sea animal sets to use for crafts and various ocean-themed learning activities. The whole of the White Sea is under Russian sovereignty and considered to be part of the internal waters of Russia. Currents are rather weak in the open seas with the speed below 1 km/h, but they significantly strengthen in the bays. This role decreased later after the foundation of Saint Petersburg (1703), which opened a more direct ice-free connection between Russia and the bulk of Western Europe via the Baltic Sea. Ctenophores donât sting, but they are voracious carnivores, feasting on zooplankton including eggs and larval forms of assorted fishes and invertebrates, even other ctenophores. It is surrounded by Karelia to the west, the Kola Peninsula to the north, and the Kanin Peninsula to the northeast. Deep sea (about 100 m or more) is characterised by stable temperature (−1.4 °С) and salinity (30‰). The opening and the gorlo of the sea are rather shallow, with depths about 50 metres or less. With the dangers of climate change imminent, âit would be insulting to the species of the Arctic Ocean if we donât find the time to study them and photograph them,â says Lyagushkin. On the south, Onega Bay receives the Onega River. Arctic anticyclones, however, change winds to the northeastern ones, bringing much colder weather with temperatures of about −25 °C. His work highlights the way these animals live together in the White Sea, the only inland sea that freezes annually. Well, actually, it’s very, very rare that we’ll ever see one in our lifetime. As a result, annually, about 2,000 km3 and 2,200 km3 flow in and out of the White Sea, respectively. Lyagushkin describes the dramatic scenes under the ice as otherworldly, and compares entering the water through a hole in the ice to Alice descending through a rabbit hole on the way to Wonderland. About 40% of this volume is brought during the snow melting in May, and the inflow is minimal in February–March. , The sea hosts more than 700 species of invertebrates, about 60 species of fish, and five species of marine mammals, including friendly beluga, the white whale. , Storms are the strongest in October–November. To capture some of the White Seaâs littlest invertebrates, Lyagushkin uses both strobe and continuous lighting to show the animals in their aqueous environment, which is darkened by the ice cover above.  The ice is not stationary, but 90% of it is floating and is continuously removed to the Barents Sea.  Administratively, it is divided between Arkhangelsk and Murmansk oblasts and the Republic of Karelia. It receives the Mezen River and the Kuloy River. The sea is quiet in July–August. In the modern era it became an important Soviet naval and submarine base.  The exchange is however assisted by the tides, which are semidiurnal (rising twice a day), with the amplitude increasing from 1 metre on the south to 10 metres in Mezen Bay.
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