Once you have a clear idea of what the words indicate then its significance becomes more evident. In truth, some synecdoche are a form of metonymy. All adhesive bandages are commonly referred to as "Band-Aids". Ask for her hand—refers to asking a woman to marry. The phrase “gray beard” refers to an old man. Hope this article has guided you through the concept of usage of synecdoches and its examples. (Harpoon). There are several different forms of synecdoche. (Taken from Julius Caesar written by William Shakespeare; the most famous example of synecdoche). While a synecdoche takes an element of a word or phrase and uses it to refer to the whole, a metonymy replaces the word or phrase entirely with a related concept. (This is another example of a synecdoche taken from A Description of the Morning written by Jonathan Swift (1667 - 1745), where the broomy stumps refer to the broom as a whole.) The word “boots” usually refers to soldiers. If I had some wheels I would put on a new thread and ask for Jenny's hand in marriage. The word “suit” refers to a businessman. A synecdoche may use part of something to represent the whole. It's actually very common in the English language for part of something reference the whole. Some people refer to any variety of cola as "Coke". Figurative language comes in many shapes and sizes. You ride in a car, so it's a related word, but it's not an element of a car. "At midnight I went on deck, and to my mate's great surprise put the ship round on the other tack. If you said "check out my new wheels," "wheels" is an example of synecdoche, used to refer to a "car." While a synecdoche takes an element of a word or phrase and uses it to refer to the whole, a metonymy replaces the word or phrase entirely with a related concept. Take this quote from Toni Morrison's Beloved: "This is flesh I'm talking about here. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. Synecdoches are found in the poems of Robert Frost like in 'The Gift Outright', 'I Will Sing You One - O', 'Kitty Hawk' and 'Fire and Ice'. By referring to the individual parts of the the body as having their own needs, she adds more value to the whole. There sits my animal guarding the door to the hen house. Asking someone to put their "John Hancock" on a document refers to anyone putting their signature there. 3. "Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean." "Pentagon" often refers to a few decision-making generals. Feet that need to rest and to dance; backs that need support; shoulders that need arms, strong arms I'm telling you.". By going through this article, you will enhance your list of synecdoches and provide you examples that will guide you get a clear picture. So, the next time you want to write about the sun shining on the ocean, think about the individual parts, maybe the bright rays catching the waves, and you'll soon enter into the ranks of synecdoche superiority. All types of figurative language stand to create a bright, new image in the minds of readers. 1. Even mythic characters, Gods and literary personalities like Hamlet, Othello, Desdemona, Romeo, Juliet and Macbeth have been viewed as synecdochical. The word “bread” refers to food or money, as in “Writing is my bread and butter,” or “He is the sole breadwinner.” 2. It's easy to confuse synecdoche and metonymy because they both use a word or phrase to represent something else (some even consider synecdoche a type of metonymy). It is very common to refer to a thing by the name of its parts. If "the world" is not treating you well, that would not be the entire world but just a part of it that you've encountered. Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening written by Robert Frost, where the journey through the woods and forests refers to life's journey. It is sure hard to earn a dollar these days. 4. In literature, forms of love poetry and sonnets also use this figure of speech to signify the beauty of their beloved, which in turn beautifies the piece of work further. When a whole is used as the part or a part of a thing is put for the whole Examples: * "The world treated him badly." Before we take a walk down this multi-colored lane, let's clear the air regarding the confusion between synecdoche and metonymy. A part of a car, in this example, represents the whole of the car. Let us look at some of the examples of synecdoche that we often hear in casual conversations: 1. Here is a list of some of these examples: Boots on the ground—refers to soldiers. Types of Synecdoche. "His eye met hers as she sat there paler and whiter than anyone in the vast ocean of anxious faces about her.". In this respect, there is some blurring of the lines between synecdoche and metonymy. In truth, some synecdoche are a form of metonymy. A typical figure of speech in which either a part or the entire sentence is used to depict a particular scenario. All Rights Reserved, Hands breaking bread with money in it as examples of synecdoche. "In showing a journey by night, Friedrich Ermler blacked out the sky, the trees, the road, and the carriage itself: all we see is a flickering white horse galloping larger toward us. Notice how car has been entirely replaced by another word. Flesh that needs to be loved. 2. The little lady in Cleveland couldn't pay her heating bill. Eliot. 4. Each element transforms everyday language into something more interesting or thought-provoking. The use of 'run away from us over the cobbles' is the use of this figure of speech. The word "head" can refer to counting cattle or people. The important thing to keep in mind is that you're always going to be dealing with parts and wholes. It's an odd word for what is simply using part of a whole to represent the whole. The word “sails” refers to a whole ship. Even Frederick Douglass's Paper enacted this synecdoche. "Friends, Romans, countrymen: lend me your ears.". ". Suits—can refer to … "Prepar'd to scrub the entry and the stairs. 3. Good ol' fashioned newspapers are referred to as "papers. To go for a walk in the "woods" means to go for a walk in a forest-like setting. Sometimes we refer to the United States as "America" when the "Americas" is actually made up of a few different countries.