... a natural language with no demonstrable genealogical (or "genetic") relationship with other languages, relative to one region ... Standard language: Definition. AP Human Geography Chapter 6 (Religion) Vocabulary. the theory that early Proto-Indo-European speakers spread westward on horseback, overpowering earlier inhabitants and beginning the diffusion and differentiation of Indo-European tounges, the tracking of sound shifts and hardening of consonants backward toward the original language. Definition: a language that results from the mixing of a colonizer’s language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated Real World Example: French Creole in Haiti, Papiamento. AP Human Geography- Language. AP Human Geography Unit 4 Language & Religion. Match. Terms in this set (32) Language. technique using the vocabulary of an extinct language to re-create the language that preceded it. A language variant used for the norm of media, school, government, and public life by the country's political and intelligent elite. hypothesis developed by British scholar Colin Renfrew wherein he proposed that three areas in and near the first agricultural hearth, the Fertile Crescent, gave rise to three language families: Europe's Indo-European languages (from Anatolia [present-day Turkey]); North African and Arabian languages (from the western arc of the Fertile Crescent); and the languages in present-day … 73 terms. aaronngyn. 5 AP Human Geography (Language) 47 terms. Spell. Write. Description. crovillos1. People with power and influence decide what the standard language … The specific form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications. A language used between native speakers of different languages to allow them to communicate so that they can trade with each other. Learn. 73 terms. Chapter 5: Language. A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communications among speakers of two different languages. Level. Language. Mutual intelligibility. AP Human Geography is an introductory college-level human geography course. The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications. three areas in and around fertile crescent, gave rise to three language families. JuliusTembe. Juliann_Jones5 TEACHER. AP Human Geography: Chapter 5 Vocabulary. Terms in this set (34) standard language. PLAY. ... Ch. A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Subject. AP human geography chapter 5. AP human geography chapter 5. AP Human Geography Chapter 5 … Standard Language. sets quality. Standard Language. A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history. Language AP Human Geography Chapter 6. Rubenstein, Chapter 5, Language. countries in which more than one language is spoken, countries in which only one language is spoken. a set of sounds and symbols that is used for communication, means that two people can understand each other when speaking, a language that is published, widely distributed, and purposfully taught, varients of a standard language along regional or ethnic lines, a set of contagious dialects in which the dialects nearest to each other at any place in the chain are most closely related, a geographic boundary within which a particular linguistic feature occurs, groups of languages with a shared but fairly distant origin, divisions within a language family where the commonalities are more definite and the origin is more recent, a slight change in a word across languages within a subfamily or through a language family from the present backward toward its origin, Linguistic hypothesis proposing the existence of an ancestral Indo-European language that is the hearth of the ancient Latin, Greek, and Sanskrit languages which hearth would link modern languages from Scandinavia to North Africa and from North America through parts of Asia to Australia, a technique linguists use to track sound shifts and hardening of consonants "backward" toward the original language, a technique using the vocabulary of an extinct language to re-create the language that proceeded the extinct language, language believed to be the ancestral language not only of Proto-Indo-European, but also of the Kartvelian languages of the southern Caucasus region, the Uralic-Altaic languages (including Hungarian, Finnish, Turkish, and Mongolian), the Dravadian languages of India, and the Afro-Asiatic language family, the opposite of language convergence; a process suggested by German linguist August Schleicher whereby new languages are formed when a language breaks into dialects due to a lack of spatial interaction among speakers of the language and continued isolation eventually causes the division of the language into discrete new languages, the collapsing of two languages into one resulting from the consitent spatial interaction of peoples with different languages; the opposite of language divergence, hypothesis developed by British scholar Colin Renfrew wherein he proposed that three areas in and near the first agricultural hearth, the Fertile Crescent, gave rise to three language families: Europe's Indo-European languages (from Anatolia [present-day Turkey]); North African and Arabian languages (from the western arc of the Fertile Crescent); and the languages in present-day Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India (from the eastern arc of the Fertile Crescent), one major theory of how Proto-Indo-European diffused into Europe which holds that the early speakers of Proto-Indo-European spread westward on horseback, overpowering earlier inhabitants and beginning the diffusion and differentiation of Indo-European tongues, hypothesis which holds that the Indo-European languages that arose from Proto-Indo-European were first carried eastward into Southwest Asia, next around the Caspian Sea, and then across the Russian-Ukrainian plains and on into the Balkans, languages (French, Spanish, Italian, Romanian, and Portuguese) that lie in the areas that were once controlled by the Roman Empire but were not subsecuently overwhelmed, languages (English, German, Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish) that reflect the expansion of peoples out of Northern Europe to the west and south, languages (Russian, Polish, Czech, Slovak, Ukrainian, Slovenian, Serbo-Croatian, and Bulgarian) that developed as Slavic people migrated from a base in present-day Ukraine close to 2000 years ago, a term deriving from "Frankish language" and applying to a tongue spoken in ancient Mediterranean ports that consisted of a mixture of Italian, French, Greek, Spanish, and even some Arabic. ... Ralph Linton - Total knowledge, attitudes, and habitual behavior patterns shared by society members. The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications. Students cultivate their understanding of human geography through data and geographic analyses as they explore topics like patterns and spatial organization, human impacts and interactions with their environment, and spatial processes and societal changes. Renfrew hypothesis. The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family. 73 terms. lilysmithh1. a system of words used in a particular discipline, a set of languages with a relatively recent common origin and many similar characteristics. PLAY. the everyday speech of the people (as distinguished from literary language). Deguiguren2020. a common language used by speakers of different languages, A language that is written as well as spoken, a method of representing the sounds of a language by written or printed symbols. 27 terms. A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated. International Studies. says that Indo-European language arose from Proto-Indo-European and spread east through Southwest Asia.