, Traditionally, the relationship between geography and religion can clearly be seen by the influences of religion in shaping cosmological understandings of the world. Re-materialising cultural geography.  For more on the intermix of identities and religion, see: Skelton, T. (2016) Identities and subjectivities. Available from: doi:10.1080/00221341.2015.1101148. (2007) OCLC: ocm78893171. For instance, convergence may form in a given region as minority cultures adapt to a dominant culture. While religious communities develop within geographies and landscapes, diaspora communities from different religions have been shown to commonly form as minorities who live near or next to each other in most countries the diaspora migrates to. , Religious development, which includes the process of secularization, is seen to be oriented and individualized through spirituality developing within cultures embedded in specific geographies.. Journal of Geography. Geographies of Muslim identities: diaspora, gender and belonging. Aldershot, England ; Burlington, VT, Ashgate. These perceptions and imaginings influence the way such spaces are used, and the personal, spiritual meanings developed in using such sacred spaces. New York, NY, Springer Berlin Heidelberg.  For more on religious development and geography, see: Tse, J.K.H. As an overarching theme, the articulation of religious identity is concerned with material aspects of symbolizing religious identity (such as architecture and the establishment of a physical presence), with negotiations and struggles in asserting religious identity in the face of persecution and exclusion and with personal practices of religious ritual and behaviour that re-establishes one’s religious identity, As research on geography and religion has grown, one of the new focuses of geographical research examines the rise of religious fundamentalism, and the resulting impact this has on the geographical contexts in which it develops. Religious experiences and the belief in religious meanings transforms physical spaces into sacred spaces. place and space, on religious belief. Religion and geography is the study of the impact of geography, i.e. [Online] 14 (3), 355–371. , Another aspect of the relationship between religion and geography is religious geography, in which geographical ideas are influenced by religion, such as early map-making, and the biblical geography that developed in the 16th century to identify places from the Bible. Mark Altaweel | October 22, 2020April 3, 2018 | Human Geography. A more contemporary approach to the study of the intersections of geography and religion not only highlights the role of religion in affecting landscape changes and in assigning sacred meanings to specific places, but also acknowledges how in turn, religious ideology and practice at specific spaces are guided and transformed by their location..  Recent research in this area has been published by Barry A. Vann who analyzes Muslim population shifts in the Western world and the theological factors that play into these demographic trends. , Another new area of interest in the study of geography and religion explores different sites of religious practice beyond the ‘officially sacred’ – sites such as religious schools, media spaces, banking and financial practices (for example, Islamic banking) and home spaces are just some of the different avenues that take into account informal, everyday spaces that intersect with religious practice and meaning. Scholars are also aware that these definitions are not static. From the sixteenth and seventeenth century, the study of geography and religion mainly focused on mapping the spread of Christianity (termed ecclesiastical geography by Issac 1965), though in the later half of the seventeenth century, the influences and spread of other religions were also taken into account.  These works have focused on both material aspects of spaces (such as architectural distinctiveness) and socially constructed spaces (such as rituals and demarcation of sacred spaces) to present religious meaning and significance. For instance, when the Roman Catholic Church emerged, it borrowed many of its organizational principles from the ancient Roman military and turned senators into cardinals, for example. The point of focus is not the specifics of religious beliefs and practices, but how these religious beliefs and practices are internalised by adherents, and how these processes of internalization influence, and is influenced by, social systems. Such perspectives applied to general cultural concepts have been extended to explain how religious change occurs, where religions spread or ideas converge in place. This includes sexual, social, economic, or national identities that at times create tensions within religious communities and movements.. Human geographers and sociologists use different terms, like ecclesia, denomination, and sect, to define these types of organizations. - e.g. Particularly in multicultural settings, the contestation for legitimacy, public approval, and negotiations for use of particular spaces are at the heart of determining how communities understand, internalise and struggle to compete for the right to practice their religious traditions in public spaces. "Geography and religion: trends and prospects", "Religious schools: for spirit, (f)or nation", "In Search of Permanent Homes: Singapore's House Churches and the Politics of Space", "Global shifts, theoretical shifts: Changing geographies of religion", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Religion_and_geography&oldid=989656083, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from October 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 November 2020, at 07:19. Religion and geography is the study of the impact of geography, i.e.  For more on theoretical models used for cultural geography and religion, see: Hall, C. & Johnston-Anumonwo, I. A key focus in the study of sacred places is the politics of identity, belonging and meaning that are ascribed to sacred sites, and the constant negotiations for power and legitimacy.  For more on how geography affects religion, see: Kong, L. (1990) Geography and religion: trends and prospects. , Other traditional approaches to the study of the relationship between geography and religion involved the theological explorations of the workings of Nature – a highly environmentally deterministic approach which identified the role of geographical environments in determining the nature and evolution of different religious traditions..
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