REINDEER LICHEN (Cladina spp.) Two of the very few organic chlorine containing substances occurring in nature, gangaleoidin and diploiein, have been isolated from lichens. Reindeer moss is popular with model train builders who use it to decorate their track setups. syn. Cladina rangiferina (L.) Nyl. The moss looks like tiny shrubs and trees when used in art projects. Foraging for usnea and learning how to identify it isn’t difficult and is the first step to using this powerful natural medicine. Lichens are used in traditional medicines by cultures across the world, particularly in temperate and arctic regions. Knowledge of these medicinal uses is available to us because of the contributions of traditional knowledge holders in these cultures. It is used mostly as a topical medication, although some consume usnea lichen internally. Reindeer lichens are important medicinal agents. Lichen also thrives with little or no care in extreme weather conditions. The acid from reindeer moss is used in the manufacture of litmus paper. I love it when I find out that a plant (or lichen in this case) that I’ve seen for years is beneficial in some way. Medicinal value (MV), ritual and spiritual value (RSV), food value (FV), aesthetic and decorative value (ADV), bedding value (BV) and ethno-veterinary value (EVV) are the major uses of lichens. The lichens were often assigned medicinal properties based on the ... potential use of lichens as bio‐indicators of radionuclides is very high. Other Uses. Economic Uses of Lichens Some of these lowly plants have long served as fodder for the reindeer herds of Lapplanders, while others have been the sources of industrial dyes, as those used in the manufacture of Harris Tweed cloth. Because usnea lichen is highly medicinal, it is not recommended to be taken continuously. (Cladoniaceae) is commonly studied Reindeer lichen. What you may not have known is that usnea is a super medicinal lichen! The traditional medicinal uses of 52 lichen genera are summarized in this paper. Our study revealed six uses of lichens in the study areas. Northern native people used reindeer lichen in medicinal teas to treat colds, arthritis, fevers and other problems (Perez- Llano, 1944). Among the 156 respondents, use percentages were high (51%) for medicinal values (MV) and low for ethno-veterinary value (2%). Reindeer Lichens are composite organisms made of fungi and green algae. 2 For more on general lichen biology, see FFF#062 and FFF#063.The Reindeer Lichen fungi can pair with a variety of algal species to successfully form a lichen. The use of usnic acid in weight loss is still disputed. Wildcrafting Weeds . GEORGE A. LLANO Henry Shaw School of Botany Washington University, St. Louis, Mo. In traditional Chinese medicine, it is used routinely and periodically only when a person exhibits certain ailments. Cladonia rangiferina (L.) F. H. Wigg. In this symbiosis, the fungi provide structure, nutrients, and protection that allow the algae to photosynthesize and produce sugars for the fungi.
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