nikon lenses explained

Nikon produces cameras with both full-frame sensors (known as FX-format) and cropped sensors (DX-format). And here's why. Select newer NIKKOR lenses incorporate an electromagnetic diaphragm mechanism in the lens … DX cameras have the added benefit of being able to use both DX and non-DX NIKKOR lenses—those lenses without the DX designation in their names, i.e. Think of the camera as a computer processing information that it receives from the lens. Learn what the different types of NIKKOR lenses are and which ones will work with your DSLR. You need to know if your camera can accept the lens—and the answer is yes. Older lenses have switches on the lens barrel for turning VR on and off, as well as switching between manual focus mode and AF mode. Also, just to confuse matters, the maximum aperture of some zooms changes as you alter the focal length: so an 18-55mm lens might have a maximum aperture of f/3.5 when zoomed out, but a maximum aperture of f/5.6 when zoomed in. Find out in our selection of the best compact cameras of 2016, A kit lens is a great starting point, but what should you be looking to buy next? Zoom slowly in and out until you obtain the required composition, but don’t let the lens make you lazy. This enables high-speed autofocusing that's extremely accurate and super quiet. Manual focus lenses can be used on all current Nikon DSLRs, in the manual focus mode. ‘N’. When it comes to buying a lens, it’s important to remember that the camera is only as good as the glass you put in front of it. There is a screwdriver thing that pokes out of the camera like the Alien and couples with the slotted rotating coupling shown below. Since its very first camera lens in 1933, Nikon has been tirelessly dedicated to crafting precision optics of uncompromising clarity, quality and reliability. AF-S. Naturally zoom lenses come with a few drawbacks, too. Fisheye lenses have an ultra wide-angle of view, and bend and distort objects at the edges of the frame. [The AF-S NIKKOR 24-120mm f/4G ED VR lens, shown above is an example of a G-Type lens. This mount is still used on Nikon DSLRs today. Before you splash the cash, however, bear in mind that kit lenses have come a long way in the past 20 years. The extent of this crop varies between manufacturers, but Nikon’s is 1.5x, so a 24mm lens fitted to a camera with a cropped sensor will give an approximate view of 36mm. ED (Extra-low Dispersion Glass). Rotate the focus ring on the lens and when it lights up green, the subject is in focus. When it comes to upgrading your kit, the message is simple: think glass first. DSLRs have either a full-frame or a cropped sensor. IF (Internal Focus). Nikon, for example classifies full-frame and cropped-sensor lenses as FX and DX respectively, while Canon adopts the EF moniker for full-frame lenses and EF-S for those designed for its cropped-sensor bodies. Canon’s equivalent is the “Canon EF 24-70mm f/2.8 L II USM” lens.The most important terms are focal length and maximum aperture. Some lenses offer two types of VR mode: Normal and Active. All Nikkor lenses are listed as if they are intended for cameras with full-frame sensors, so if you attach a lens to a camera with a cropped sensor you need to carry out a quick calculation to see what you’re actually getting. There are two types of Nikon lenses that have a built-in focus motor: AF-S lenses and AF-P lenses. DX cameras and lenses are smaller and lighter than their FX brothers, but the sensor in an FX camera can gather more light, and tends to perform better in low light. You will have to manually focus the lens, using the focus ring on the lens barrel. If you opt for A/M you can override the AF in the same way, but it’s not quite as sensitive, so as to prevent accidental use. Over 80 years of excellence When a lens has a wide maximum aperture it’s described as being ‘fast’ because it lets in more light than a lens with a narrow maximum aperture. The electronic rangefinder, which is visible in the lower left portion of the viewfinder, will confirm that your subject is in focus. (They can only be used with certain lenses though, so check your manual before you comymit to buying one.) Some Macro (or Micro) lenses are capable of lifesize reproduction, and all of them have a short minimum focusing distance, so they are especially popular with plant and insect photographers. The cameras that don't have a focus motor built-in need to use a lens that has a focus motor built-in to it. The newer AF-P lenses let you set certain settings from the camera’s menu system, such as VR (Vibration... E-Type NIKKOR Lenses. But if you’re moving (in a car or a boat, for example) then Active mode is the better option. We look at memory card speeds and the fastest memory card…, Which are the best compact cameras on the market right now? The difference between a zoom lens and a prime lens is that zooms have a variable focal length, while primes have a fixed focal length. The letters on a lens barrel can be somewhat mystifying, so here’s a quick rundown of what’s behind the abbreviations. The lens can be used on cameras with full-frame sensors, but cropping of the image will occur. AI lenses are manual focus, and can be used on any Nikon DSLR with a few exceptions. Nikkor lenses are born from a tradition of elite craftsmanship and a pursuit of optical perfection more than 80 years in the making. An iconic past, a revolutionary future. Secondly, zoom lenses tend to have a maximum aperture that is a few stops smaller than prime lenses in the same focal length range. Full-frame sensors are roughly the same size as 35mm film (36 x 24mm), while cropped sensors are smaller (around 24 x 16mm). This technology converts “traveling waves” into rotational energy to focus the optics. AF NIKKOR lenses use a mechanical coupling between the lens and the camera body. The higher-end pro DSLR camera bodies need only an AF lens for autofocus functionality. You're interested in one of the latest NIKKOR lenses, but aren't sure if it will work with your camera. This enables fast, accurate and extremely quiet focusing, which is great for wildlife. What’s more, the range provided by a zoom lens can replace a number of primes, leading to less weight in your kit bag. In 1932, it released a line of photography lenses, appearing under the trademark NIKKOR (an abbreviation of the company’s full name Nippon Kogaku KK, with an ‘R’ added to the end for good measure). With a zoom lens you can fill the frame with a subject without having to get close to it – this is great for shooting timid or dangerous subjects, such as animals in the wild. Now that we've gone through a little history of NIKKOR lenses, we'll discuss the differences between autofocus and manual focus NIKKOR lenses. To give an overview, the Nikon range consists of zoom and prime lenses and includes wideangle, telephoto, Macro, fisheye, and PC (Perspective Control) lenses, plus three teleconverters. DX. Press the shutter-release button halfway (or use the AF-On button) to achieve focus. AF-S NIKKOR lenses feature Nikon’s Silent Wave Motor (SWM). If you’re using a tripod or other stable support then turn the VR system off. Nikon currently offers lenses that have autofocus operation and others that offer only manual focus operation. The DSLR camera bodies that do feature a focus motor can utilize AF and AF-S lenses. The newer AF-P lenses let you set certain settings from the camera’s menu system, such as VR (Vibration Reduction) and the AF/MF mode. By clicking Sign Up, you are opting to receive educational and promotional emails from Nikon Inc. 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