netleaf hackberry tree

Family: Ulmaceae. The Navajo used the berries as a digestive aid. In its native habitat, it is most often found in plains grassland, desert grassland, upper desert, and in woodland zones, where it is an invaluable tree to wildlife and livestock alike. It is often scraggly, stunted or even a large bush. The leaves are eaten by a number of insects, particularly certain moth caterpillars. Spreading or Weeping with a Low Canopy. Others believe it to be synonymous with Celtis douglasii, known commonly as the Douglas hackberry. A small-to-medium-sized deciduous tree, the netleaf hackberry has been around for thousands of years and has proliferated from the Pacific Northwest through the Rio Grande watershed. Hackberry bark is grey to brownish grey with the trunk bark forming vertical corky ridges that are checkered between the furrows. Rounded or Spreading Shape. It is somewhat prone to developing witches'-broom, which is caused by fungi and mites. However, they are separate species. The botanical name for netleaf hackberry is Celtis reticulata. Native Americans likewise found this species a useful food source. Has Deciduous foliage. If a more pleasing shape is desired, pruning the crown can be performed to achieve a better form. var. Birds also use it to shield themselves from predators and to nest in. Another use for this species is as a windbreak, due to its hardiness and longevity. The tree was first described in the mid nineteenth century by observations in the lower elevations of the Rocky Mountains as well as observations in lower montane areas of Oregon. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Once established, watering should be deep and infrequent. Twigs from the netleaf hackberry are used by woodrats to build their homes. Emperor butterfly caterpillars feed on the leaves. Moth caterpillars rely on the leaves of the netleaf hackberry and beavers are known to feed on the wood of this versatile tree. Growing Oregon Grapes in Your Home Garden. Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year. Mule deer and pronghorn feed on the leaves of netleaf hackberry, particularly during times of drought when other food sources have disappeared. [5][6], Celtis reticulata was one of the species analyzed in a pollen core sampling study in northern Arizona, in which the early to late Holocene flora association was reconstructed; this study in the Waterman Mountains-(Pima County-S.East AZ) demonstrated that C. reticulata was found to be present after the Wisconsinan glaciation, but is not a current taxon of this former Pinyon-juniper woodland area which is now in central and northern Arizona. [15], Celtis reticulata is cultivated by plant nurseries and available as an ornamental plant for native plant, drought-tolerant, natural landscape, and habitat gardens, and for ecological restoration projects. Celtis reticulata is a member of the genus Celtis, the members of which collectively are known as the nettle trees or hackberries. [10] It grows at elevations from 500–1,700 metres (1,600–5,600 ft).[9]. A location with well-drained soil is best, however it can withstand severe droughts and wide temperature ranges. Netleaf Hackberry: Latin Name: Celtis reticulata: Tree Size: Medium: Leaf Type: Deciduous : Growth Rate: Moderate: Water Needs: Dry : Tolerances: Drought, alkaline soils (pH > 7.5) Attributes: Texas native, seeds or fruit eaten by wildlife: Features: Fruits are an important wildlife food. Genus: ... Broadleaf deciduous, usually a large shrub, 15-30 feet (4.5-9 m), but may be a tree to a height of 50 ft (15 m), slow growing, often a spreading habit, somewhat scraggly. The blade of the leaves can be half an inch to three inches (2–8 cm) long, usually about two inches (5–6 cm). In some areas, it is used to make barrels, boxes, cabinets, crates, furniture, and paneling. Celtis reticulata (Netleaf Hackberry) Tree. Longevity 50 to 150 years. Those living in western North America probably have seen a netleaf hackberry, even if they didn’t know what sort of tree it was. Both species are to be found in this area. It is in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. The netleaf hackberry is a deciduous tree with an alternate, deltoid leaf arrangement. Conversely, some specimens remain smaller than average, and present as a large shrub. They form singly, or in cymose clusters[11] pedicel in fr 4–15 mm. Often nurseries don’t carry this species because immature trees are unruly, even being described as homely. The common name of sugarberry is also used to refer to a similar species, Celtis laevigata, while the common name of Douglas hackberry also refers to Celtis douglasii. Celtis reticulata, with common names including netleaf hackberry,[2] western hackberry, Douglas hackberry,[3] netleaf sugar hackberry, palo blanco, and acibuche,[4] is a small- to medium-sized deciduous tree native to western North America. Celtis reticulata, with common names including netleaf hackberry, western hackberry, Douglas hackberry, netleaf sugar hackberry, palo blanco, and acibuche, is a small- to medium-sized deciduous tree native to western North America. The infestation causes a busy overgrowth in a single point, resembling a bird’s nest or broom. This plant has no children Legal Status. It's deep-rooted when mature making it wind-resistant, drought-tolerant and tolerant of alkaline soils. Tree Characteristics. C. reticulata is often confused with the related species Celtis pallida, the spiny hackberry or desert hackberry,

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