They have a lifespan of five to six years in the wild and ten years in captivity. Lepus townsendii Bachman, 1839 – white-tailed jackrabbit X, Tamias striatus (Linnaeus, 1758) – eastern chipmunk They do not hibernate, chosing to stay in the same regions all year. Striped skunks are omnivores and eat crickets, grasshoppers, beetles, caterpillars, mice, voles, eggs, and small birds. From large animals such as coyotes, cougars and black bears, to some of the smallest such as the pygmy shrew and the Western harvest mouse. Cows, horses, sheep and pigs are all examples of domesticated mammals. Their lifespan is three years in the wild and eight years in captivity. On the left is Gerald, one of my many animal friends. It seems an odd question, but do bears hibernate? Allen, 1890) – eastern cottontail Find out in this article I wrote. Their lifespan is one year in the wild and 2.6 years in captivity. Their color is light or dark brown, with a white or gray underbody. The color varies from brown to black. Their color is dark brown and gets darker in summer and lighter in winter. Sorex longirostris Bachman, 1837 – southeastern shrew The Eastern chipmunk is a solitary animal. The hair can be seen extending past the ends of their claws. The name comes from the thirteen lines (sometimes broken into spots) alternating white and brown on the back and sides of these squirrels. They have long toe-hairs which distinguishes them from other species of bats. The average lifespan of a raccoon is two to three years. Email the Web Administrator with questions or comments. The tip of their dorsal hair is light gray, with a brown pelage. Their underbelly is lighter and generally white or cinnamon colored. They are characterized by uniformly colored fur, which is usually dark gray on the back. The coyote is a midsize canine, with the look of a domestic dog, and are thinner and smaller than the gray wolf. They measure from 52 to 77 cm and weigh between 1.8 to 4.5 kg. Illinois has almost sixty species of mammals within its borders. The American badger measures from 60 to 75 cm and weighs from 6.3 to 8.6 kg. They will also prey on elk, coyotes, mountain goats, beavers, moose, and wild sheep. The Eastern cottontail is a solitary, mostly nocturnal rabbit that lives in the southeast of the United States, and parts of Central and South America. These squirrels have gray fur and whitish color in their bellies. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'northamericannature_com-large-leaderboard-2','ezslot_4',109,'0','0'])); The American bison is a large species of mammal from North America. Their appearance is like a big domestic cat with a bobbed tail. Males can grow up to 450mm in length including the tail with a weight of 385g. Canis lupus Linnaeus 1758 – wolf X, FT / ST Entrances have a layer of grass to disguise them. Their diet consists of plant material including leaves, seeds and stems, although they will also eat insects. They are no longer classed as an endangered species. MORE. I am a mammalogist and a keen birder and have been researching animals for over forty years. Their color is dark brown, but the hairs have a white tip. The Indiana bat measures from 4.1 to 4.9 cm and weighs about 7g. The hoary bat can usually be seen alone in trees along the borders of forests. Their lifespan is up to five years. Ground Squirrels. For permissions information, contact the Illinois Natural History Survey. The Southeastern myotis is a bat found throughout the southeast of the United States. Least weasels may have aggressive encounters with each other. Eastern moles live in grasslands and thin forests, with an expected lifespan of six years. Their color is grayish brown. These include caterpillars, grasshoppers, and crickets. Their lifespan is four to fourteen years in the wild and twenty six in captivity. They have long pointed wings with short ears and a long tail. Their lifespan is between two to five years. Their color is gray, red or dark brown, with white on its underbody, and sometimes has black stripes on its sides. The river otter has short, very dense fur. Their tails are covered with scales which help them swim rapidly and with ease. They are diurnal animals, and their burrows usually host only one or two squirrels, as they are not a particularly social species. The Western harvest mouse is not territorial and many can live in one nest. They feed on slugs, snails, centipedes, vegetation, insect larvae and spiders. This insectivore eats mosquitoes, moths, and beetles. They are very small, with a size up to 10 cm, and a weight of just 4g. North American Nature is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies. Cougars measure about 2.4 m long (including a long tail) and weigh from 53 to 100 kg. They will also feed on mice and shrews, although this is rare. Nine-banded armadillos do not have a strong tolerance to cold-weather but can survive in colder temperatures for several days by remaining in a burrow. Females are larger than males, with females weighing 7.9g compared to males at 7.5g. They measure from 14 to 18 cm and weigh from 40 to 50 g. The Eastern mole is a carnivore and eats worms, insects, larvae, mice, bugs, and small birds. The bison is a herbivore and eats grasses and sedges. The average lifespan is less than four years, which may explain the higher reproductive output when compared to other bats that live longer.
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