Ich sehe den Mann. Below is the same example for “I” and “me:”, Ich streichele den Hund. The accusative word in a sentence is the direct object: the person or thing that is being acted upon. To keep things simple, we’ll show you how the nominative and accusative cases work using the English example above, because the grammatical concept is the same in German and English. The same thing happens when we put the indefinite article in these sentences: we recognize ein Hund (a dog), but what about einen Hund? The object is the thing in the sentence having something done to it. So, just as the female sie is the same in accusative and nominative case, the plural sie is also the same in both cases. (She pets the dog.). Ich sehe die Frau. Once you understand each case, we’ll show you how they impact articles and other words in German. Learn and enjoy the German language with Jabbalab! Because word order is freer in German grammar, we use the accusative case to mark the direct object in a sentence. The indefinite article (“a”) doesn’t change either (except when used with words beginning with a vowel, when it becomes “an”). The explanation for this change in noun article is that the case of Hund changes. We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. You can hover over any word for contextual definitions and multiple examples. The feminine, neuter and plural articles do not change. German Accusative Case: Definite Articles: Indefinite Articles: Personal Pronouns: Adjectives (masc., fem, neuter, plural) Den, die, das, die (they all means the) Einen, Eine, Ein (they all mean a, an) mich, dich, ihn, sie, uns, euch, sie. The accusative case is usually used for a person or thing that is directly affected by the action. Dog is a masculine noun in German, and masculine nouns use der as their definite article, or ein as their indefinite article: Er streichelt einen Hund. We call this the “direct object” in English. Now that you’ve mastered the nominative, let’s have a look at the German accusative. The neutral pronoun, es (it), also remains the same in nominative and accusative. Also easy, right? ), Der Hund beißt Sie. I see the man. As I just pointed out, you don’t have to worry too much about this part because we just learned the difference between “he” and “him,” and it is the same for the German pronouns! Now that we have gone over the indefinite articles, let’s take another look at this sentence. The direct object is a person, animal or thing the action of the sentence is happening to, or being acted upon. (Level 1), Rocket German The masculine articles “der” and “ein” change when used in the accusative. Let's take a look at these different factors and how they impact how fast you learn German. 9 German Stereotypes That Are Straight Up True, Learn German with Movies: 10 Great Movies for Learning Real German, Learn German through Music: 8 Modern Classics to Get Started, Learn German Through TV: 8 Great Shows for German Learners, 10 German Slang Phrases to Sound Like a Native. . In the following table you see as an example the forms of mein in the nominative. But you probably aren’t sure when to use dem, den, die, der or das with certain nouns and prepositions. When the dog changed from being the thing being acted upon in the sentence to the subject, it changed from accusative to nominative. Tip: Your free trial account details will be sent to your inbox. Accusative = Direct Object Ich sehe den Mann. In the second sentence, the dog is now the subject, and the man is accusative. There are four cases in the German language: nominative, accusative, dative and genitive. (You pet the dog. ), Der Hund beißt dich. small words which replace nouns e.g. Personal pronouns (i.e. Just listen to the native speaker audio and then use the microphone icon to record yourself. In colloquial speech, jemand is usually the same in both the nominative and the accusative, but jemanden is possible. Here are a few recommended German lessons to try next! It is used for the thing or person receiving the direct action of a verb. The accusative case, akkusativ, is used to mark that a noun is the direct object of a sentence, ie the thing being affected by the action. We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, Get regular language learning tips, resources and updates, starting with the "Complete Guide to Foreign Language Immersion" e-book, Sign up for our weekly blog newsletter for a chance to win a free FluentU Plus subscription (value $240). In the first sentence above, the man is the subject of the sentence. This is most noticeable by its article. Once you’re done, you’ll get a score out of 100 on your pronunciation and can listen to your own audio playback. Just as the man changes, in the second sentence, from nominative to accusative position, so does the dog, from accusative to nominative. Can you find the difference between the two bolded words in the following sentences? We call this the “direct object” in English. ]|masculine noun → article + en; Verena hat (eine Kette) gefunden. In German, in the case of der Hund, its article changes as well. Don’t worry, everything will start to make a little more sense soon! Problems? Although this is not quite like English, it shouldn’t be too hard to remember. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. Indefinite articles - type in articles and nouns in the accusative. As you know you can use the questions “who” (“wer”) or “what” (“was”) in the nominative case to find out what the subject of the sentence is. The cases are an important part of German grammar as they are responsible for the endings of adjectives, indefinite articles and when to use which personal pronoun. (He pets the dog.). You might wonder why “ein Buch” doesn’t change into “einen Buch”. If you are not sure go back to basic lesson No 1 German Articles. All Rights Reserved. Der Hund is straightforward enough. These two should be fairly easy to keep track of. FluentU’s collection of German videos are a great resource for all aspects of learning German. In German, the masculine singular articles der and ein change to den and einen in the accusative case. (Download), A super important difference between German and English is that German has several different words for the English “the.”. ), Sie streicheln den Hund. Watching a fun video, but having trouble understanding it? The masculine pronoun er (he) changes to ihn (him), in much the same way as it does in English. You need to be able to use the. Feminine articles (“die” and “eine”) and neuter articles (“das” and “ein”) don’t change. In German the accusative is also called the “whom-case” (“der Wenfall”). He is the one doing the action (petting) to the dog.This means that the man, “he,” is in nominative case. “Der” turns into “den” and “ein” into “einen”. Even without asking the “whom ” question you can see that “den Mann” is accusative because “der” changed into “den”.
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