0 mg cholesterol. Aside from selenium, anchovies are also high in dietary calcium, iron, and phosphorus. Richin. A … Key Point: Anchovies contain large amounts of selenium. Anchovies are also an excellent source of: Omega-3 fatty acids; Niacin; Vitamin B12; Calcium; Selenium; Potassium; Vitamin A; Nutrients per Serving. On the positive side, one standard 140-gram can of anchovies provides almost 100% of the mineral’s recommended intake. 4) Anchovies Offer a Good Supply of Vitamin D3 Dried Anchovy. 160 calories. 0 grams fiber. 35 grams protein. 0 grams carbs. 1.5 grams fat. 1 serving.