It has mostly black feathers, except for a bright white breast. During warm weather the cock is unlikely to set on the keets during the night (leaving that duty to the hen), but may help the hen keep the keets warm at night when temperatures drop below freezing. and eggsjust like chickens. Archaeologists have uncovered engravings and small statues of guinea fowl dating back to ancient Egypt, more than 4,000 years ago. Raising Keets In ancient Rome, the meat and eggs of guinea fowl were considered to be delicacies. Guineafowl (/ˈɡɪnifaʊl/; sometimes called "pet speckled hens" or "original fowl") are birds of the family Numididae in the order Galliformes. Believed to have originated around 500 BC, these creatures were brought back to the Romans from the native region of … length from about 16 to 28 inches. Let me say that again. A Guinea Fowl is known for its monogamous nature, they mate with a partner for life. J.S. Phylogenetically, they branched off from the core Galliformes after the Cracidae (chachalacas, guans, and curassows) and before the Odontophoridae (New World quail). Their noisy nature makes guinea fowl excellent guard birds, warning chickens and other barnyard fowl when hawks, owls, raccoons, or other enemies intrude into the area. As seasonal layers, guinea fowl can lay eggs all throughout the year, laying about one egg per day between March or April and September or October. Domesticated varieties may have various combinations of colors, including white, purple, yellow, and blue. For this reason, if you intend to breed Guinea fowl, it’s important that you buy some while they’re young and they will naturally start to partner off. Grass and bush fires are a constant threat to these galliformes and flight is the most effective escape. The female usually lays a clutch of 12 to 15 small dark eggs in a nest scratched into the ground, which may be hidden among a clump of weeds or some other cover. Guinea hens weigh more than guinea cocks, possibly because of the larger reproductive organs in the female compared to the male guinea fowl. legs, and tail than other guinea fowl. Sometimes more than one cock will help raise the young. This is a large family of birds that also includes These birds have been raised in captivity for thousands of years. After a few weeks in the nursery, they are released into the main flock. Some clutches may contain as many as 30 eggs. An important side note to sexing Guinea fowl is the fact that they are monogamous creatures that prefer to breed for life. Guinea fowls are strongly independent birds and prove quite difficult to socialize. The Guinea Fowl Group Their flight is quick, but short lived. Guineas are LOUD!!! CTA, 1999. The plumed guinea fowl (Guttera plumifera) and crested guinea fowl (Guttera pucherani) both They live in semi-open habitats such as savanna or semideserts, while some, such as the black guineafowl, mainly inhabit forests. Though they are monogamous, species of the least-derived genera Guttera, Agelastes and Acryllium tend toward social polyandry, a trait shared with other primitive galliformes like roul roul, and Congo peafowl. Guinea fowl may be trained to go into a coop (instead of roosting in trees) when very young. As indicated in the previous section, different species of guinea fowl have differences A male may also hump his back when he has an unfriendly meeting with another male. Hybrids http://www.hoglezoo.org/animals/view.php?id=12 While several species are relatively well known, the plumed guineafowl and the two members of the genus Agelastes remain relatively poorly known. In certain species, however, a male may mate with more than one female. http://www.iucnredlist.org/search/details.php/47093/all, All images and content © 2010 Big Run Wolf Ranch. When guinea parents (who already roost in a coop) raise their own keets, the hen will set on them outdoors during the night, but then the parents will teach the keets to also go into the coop in the evenings at approximately 3 weeks of age. Once hatched and ready to leave the brooder (approx.  All guineafowl are social, and typically live in small groups or large flocks. Guineafowl are monogamous and couples mate for life. The species for which information is known are normally monogamous, mating for life, or are serially monogamous; however, occasional exceptions have been recorded for helmeted and Kenya crested guineafowl, which have been reported to be polygamous in captivity. Phylogenetically, they branched off from the core Galliformes after the Cracidae (chachalacas, guans, and curassows) and before the Odontophoridae (New World quail). Some perch high on treetops. 9. Food Guinea fowl are seasonal layers. A wattle (red fleshy part) hangs on each side of the beak. When they are a few weeks old, however, they become very hardy birds. Guineafowl play a pivotal role in the control of ticks, flies, locusts, scorpions and other invertebrates. All guineafowl are social, and typically live in small groups or large flocks.
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